Real-Time Digital Signatures for Time-Critical Networks
The secure and efficient operation of time-critical networks, such as vehicular networks, smart-grid and other smart-infrastructures, is of primary importance in today’s society. It is crucial to minimize the impact of security mechanisms over such networks so that the safe and reliable operations of time-critical systems are not being interfered. For instance, if the delay introduced by the crypto operations negatively affects the time available for braking a car before a collision, the car may not be able to safely stop in time. In particular, as a primary authentication mechanism, existing digital signatures introduce a significant computation and communication overhead, and therefore are unable to fully meet the real-time processing requirements of such time-critical networks. In this paper, we introduce a new suite of real-time digital signatures referred to as Structure-free and Compact Real-time Authentication (SCRA), supported by hardware acceleration, to provide delay-aware authentication in time-critical networks. SCRA is a novel signature framework that can transform any secure aggregate signature into a signer efficient signature. We instantiate SCRA framework with Condensed-RSA, BGLS, and NTRU signatures. Our analytical and experimental evaluation validates the significant performance advantages of SCRA schemes over their base signatures and the state-of-the-art schemes. Moreover, we push the performance of SCRA schemes to the edge via highly optimized implementations on vehicular capable System-on-Chip (SoC) as well as server-grade General Purpose Graphics Processing Units (GPGPUs). We prove that SCRA is secure (in random oracle model) and show that SCRA can offer an ideal alternative for authentication in time-critical applications.
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